अत्र शूरा महेष्वासा भीमार्जुनसमा युधि।
युयुधानो विराटश्च द्रुपदश्च महारथः।।1.4।।
1.4 Here are the heroes wielding great bows, who in battle are compeers of Bhima and Arjuna: Yuyudhana (Satyaki) and Virata, and the maharatha (great chariot-rider) Drupada;
1.4. Here are heroes, mighty archers, eal in battle to Bhima and Arjuna, Yoyudhana (Satyaki), Virata and Drupada, of the great car (mighty warriors).
1.4. The heroes and mighty archers, comparable in war to Bhima and Arjuna, here are: Yuyudhana, the king of the Virata country, and Drupada, the mighty warrior;
1.4 अत्र here? शूराः heroes? महेष्वासाः mighty archers? भीमार्जुनसमाः eal to Bhima and Arjuna? युधि in battle? युयुधानः Yuyudhana? विराटः Virata? च and? द्रुपदः Drupada? च and? महारथः of the great car.Commentary Technically? maharatha means a warrior who is proficient in the science of war and who is able to fight alone with ten thousand archers.
1.4 Sri Sankaracharya did not comment on this sloka. The commentary starts from 2.10.
1.2 1.9 Why this exhaustive counting? The reality of things is this:
1.1 - 1.19 Dhrtarastra said - Sanjaya said Duryodhana, after viewing the forces of Pandavas protected by Bhima, and his own forces protected by Bhisma conveyed his views thus to Drona, his teacher, about the adeacy of Bhimas forces for conering the Kaurava forces and the inadeacy of his own forces for victory against the Pandava forces. He was grief-stricken within. Observing his (Duryodhanas) despondecny, Bhisma, in order to cheer him, roared like a lion, and then blowing his conch, made his side sound their conchs and kettle-drums, which made an uproar as a sign of victory. Then, having heard that great tumult, Arjuna and Sri Krsna the Lord of all lords, who was acting as the charioteer of Arjuna, sitting in their great chariot which was powerful enough to coner the three worlds; blew their divine conchs Srimad Pancajanya and Devadatta. Then, both Yudhisthira and Bhima blew their respective conchs separately. That tumult rent asunder the hearts of your sons, led by Duryodhana. The sons of Dhrtarastra then thought, Our cause is almost lost now itself. So said Sanjaya to Dhrtarastra who was longing for their victory. Sanjaya said to Dhrtarastra: Then, seeing the Kauravas, who were ready for battle, Arjuna, who had Hanuman, noted for his exploit of burning Lanka, as the emblem on his flag on his chariot, directed his charioteer Sri Krsna, the Supreme Lord-who is overcome by parental love for those who take shelter in Him who is the treasure-house of knowledge, power, lordship, energy, potency and splendour, whose sportive delight brings about the origin, sustentation and dissolution of the entire cosmos at His will, who is the Lord of the senses, who controls in all ways the senses inner and outer of all, superior and inferior - by saying, Station my chariot in an appropriate place in order that I may see exactly my enemies who are eager for battle.
Please see text 6 for Sri Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakur’s combined commentary to texts 4, 5 and 6.
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:VisnuswamiThere is no commentary for this verse.
Madhvacarya has no commentary so we present Baladeva Vidyabhusanas. Duryodhanas use of the words atra surah in addressing Drona is an innuendo meaning: If you are thinking that because the Pandavas army commanded by Dristayumna are less than ours they can be easily defeated and there is nothing to worry about you are mistaken. These warriors are all mighty bowmen, the arrows from whose bows can never be thwarted by any enemy. Not only that but their expertise in the art of warfare is equal to that of Bhima and Arjuna. Yuyudhana who is also known as Satyaki, Virata and Drupada are distinguished as maha-ratha meaning the mightiest of chariot warriors.
There is no commentary for this verse.
Anyway let it be so, Durydhana concedes and concludes that every one of the soldiers in his battalions can defeat the army of the Pandavas headed by Dhristadyumna and that Drona should have no doubts about this as they are not invincible. This he is stating in this verse and the next 2 verses describing the might and valour of the individual warriors among the Pandava ranks. In their army are many valiant heroes, hence it is not possible for their army to be defeated by anyone single-handed. The valiant warriors Yuyudhana known as Satyaki, King Virata, Drupada and others are all mighty bowman and moreover they are not less skilled in the science of warfare but equal to Bhima and Arjuna. The use of the description maharatha which confirms a warrior who is able to defeat in battle 10,000 opponents at a time applies to all three warriors as well as Arjuna and Bhima.
Atra shooraa maheshwaasaa bheemaarjunasamaa yudhi; Yuyudhaano viraatashcha drupadashcha mahaarathah.
atra—here; śhūrāḥ—powerful warriors; mahā-iṣhu-āsāḥ—great bowmen; bhīma-arjuna-samāḥ—equal to Bheem and Arjun; yudhi—in military prowess; yuyudhānaḥ—Yuyudhan; virāṭaḥ—Virat; cha—and; drupadaḥ—Drupad; cha—also; mahā-rathaḥ—warriors who could single handedly match the strength of ten thousand ordinary warriors; dhṛiṣhṭaketuḥ—Dhrishtaketu; chekitānaḥ—Chekitan; kāśhirājaḥ—Kashiraj; cha—and; vīrya-vān—heroic; purujit—Purujit; kuntibhojaḥ—Kuntibhoj; cha—and; śhaibyaḥ—Shaibya; cha—and; nara-puṅgavaḥ—best of men; yudhāmanyuḥ—Yudhamanyu; cha—and; vikrāntaḥ—courageous; uttamaujāḥ—Uttamauja; cha—and; vīrya-vān—gallant; saubhadraḥ—the son of Subhadra; draupadeyāḥ—the sons of Draupadi; cha—and; sarve—all; eva—indeed; mahā-rathāḥ—warriors who could single handedly match the strength of ten thousand ordinary warriors