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⮪ BG 1.33 Bhagwad Gita Sanskrit Translation BG 1.35⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1 Verse 34

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 1 श्लोक 34

आचार्याः पितरः पुत्रास्तथैव च पितामहाः।
मातुलाः श्चशुराः पौत्राः श्यालाः सम्बन्धिनस्तथा।।1.34।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 1.34)

।।1.34 1.35।।(टिप्पणी प0 24.1) आचार्य? पिता? पुत्र और उसी प्रकार पितामह? मामा? ससुर? पौत्र? साले तथा अन्य जितने भी सम्बन्धी हैं? मुझपर प्रहार करनेपर भी मैं इनको मारना नहीं चाहता? और हे मधुसूदन मुझे त्रिलोकीका राज्य मिलता हो? तो भी मैं इनको मारना नहीं चाहता? फिर पृथ्वीके लिये तो मैं इनको मारूँ ही क्या

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

1.34 Sri Sankaracharya did not comment on this sloka. The commentary starts from 2.10.

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

1.30 1.34 Na ca sreyah, etc., upto mahikrte. Those who are wrongly conceived as object of slaying, with the individualizing idea that these are my teachers etc.8 would necessarily generate sin. Similarly, the act of slaying even of those deserving to be slain in the battle-if undertaken with the idea that This battle is to be fought for the apparent results like pleasures, happiness etc.- then it generates sin necessarily. This idea lurks in the objection [of Arjuna]. That is why a reply is going to be given [by Bhagavat] as You must undertake actions simply as your own duty, and not with an individualizing idea.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

1.26 - 1.47 Arjuna said - Sanjaya said Sanjaya continued: The high-minded Arjuna, extremely kind, deeply friendly, and supremely righteous, having brothers like himself, though repeatedly deceived by the treacherous attempts of your people like burning in the lac-house etc., and therefore fit to be killed by him with the help of the Supreme Person, nevertheless said, I will not fight. He felt weak, overcome as he was by his love and extreme compassion for his relatives. He was also filled with fear, not knowing what was righteous and what unrighteous. His mind was tortured by grief, because of the thought of future separation from his relations. So he threw away his bow and arrow and sat on the chariot as if to fast to death.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 1.34

Aachaaryaah pitarah putraastathaiva cha pitaamahaah; Maatulaah shwashuraah pautraah shyaalaah sambandhinas tathaa.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 1.34

āchāryāḥ—teachers; pitaraḥ—fathers; putrāḥ—sons; tathā—as well; eva—indeed; cha—also; pitāmahāḥ—grandfathers; mātulāḥ—maternal uncles; śhvaśhurāḥ—fathers-in-law; pautrāḥ—grandsons; śhyālāḥ—brothers-in-law; sambandhinaḥ—kinsmen; tathā—as well; etān—these; na—not; hantum—to slay; ichchhāmi—I wish; ghnataḥ—killed; api—even though; madhusūdana—Shree Krishna, killer of the demon Madhu; api—even though; trai-lokya-rājyasya—dominion over three worlds; hetoḥ—for the sake of; kim nu—what to speak of; mahī-kṛite—for the earth